青青陵上柏

【作者】佚名 【朝代】
青青陵上柏,磊磊涧中石。
人生天地间,忽如远行客。
斗酒相娱乐,聊厚不为薄。
驱车策驽马,游戏宛与洛。
洛中何郁郁,冠带自相索。
长衢罗夹巷,王侯多第宅。
两宫遥相望,双阙百余尺。
极宴娱心意,戚戚何所迫?
英译
Green Green, the Cypress on the Ridge
Green green the cypress* on the ridge,
stones heaped about in mountain streams:
between heaven and earth our lives rush past
like travelers with a long road to go.
Let this measure of wine be our merriment;
value it highly, without disdain.
I race the carriage, whip the lagging horses,
roam for pleasure to Wan and Lo**.
Here in Lo-yang, what surging crowds,
capped and belted ones chasing each other;
long avenues fringed with narrow alleys,
the many mansions of princes and peers.
The Two Palaces face each other from afar,
paired towers over a hundred feet tall.
Let the feast last forever, delight the heart --
then what grief or gloom can weigh us down?
这首诗与《古诗·驱车上东门》在感慨生命短促这一点上有共同性,但艺术构思和形象蕴含却很不相同。《古诗·驱车上东门》的主人公望北邙而生哀,想到的只是死和未死之前的生活享受;这首诗的主人公游京城而兴叹,想到的不止是死和未死之时的吃好穿好。
开头四句,接连运用有形、有色、有声、有动作的事物作反衬、作比喻,把生命短促这样一个相当抽象的意思讲得很有实感,很带激情。主人公独立苍茫,俯仰兴怀:向上看,山上古柏青青,四季不凋;向下看,涧中众石磊磊,千秋不灭。头顶的天,脚底的地,当然更其永恒;而生于天地之间的人呢,却像出远门的旅人那样,匆匆... 古诗文网>>